WHAT IS ACNE?
Acne is a chronic inflammatory skin condition that causes spots and pimples especially on face, shoulders, back, chest, neck, and upper arms. It is a condition that occurs when your hair follicles become plugged with oil and dead skin cells.
Whiteheads, blackheads, pimples, cysts, and nodules are a common type of acne. It commonly occurs during puberty, when the sebaceous glands activate, but it can occur at any age group.
The glands produce oil and stimulated by male hormones produced by adrenal glands in both male and females.
It is a common skin condition affecting 50million people yearly. At least 85%of people experience acne between the age of 12-30 years. It affects 3 in every 4 people of age11-30 years.
CAUSES OF ACNE:
Four main factors that cause acne:-
Excess oil production
Hair follicles clogged by oil and dead skin cells
Excess activity of hormones
Human skin has pores that connect to oil glands under the skin. Follicles connect the glands to pores. Follicles are small sacs that produce an oily liquid called SEBUM. The sebum carries dead skin cells through the follicles to the skin surface. A small hair grows from the follicle out of the skin.
Pimples grow when these follicles get blocked and oil builds up under the skin. skin cells, sebum, and hair can clump together into a plug and when this plug gets infected with the bacteria (propionibacterium acne- is the name of the bacteria), swelling results. A pimple starts when the plug begins to breakdown.
FACTORS THAT MAY WORSEN THE ACNE/ TRIGGERING FACTORS OF ACNE
• Certain medications
• Greasy cosmetics
• Greasy foods
SYMPTOMS OF ACNE:
Acne depends on the severity of your condition
Whiteheads(closed plugged pores)
Blackheads(open plugged pores)
Small red, tender bumps(papules)
Pimples(pustules)-papules with pus at tips
Large, solid, painful lumps beneath the skin(nodules)
Painful pus-filled lumps beneath the skin(cystic lesions)
If acne is severe you may need medical treatment from the doctor
SEEK MEDICAL HELP:
If after using any skin products you may experience
Swelling of the eyes, face, lips, or tongue
The tightness of the throat
PREVENTION OF ACNE:
Wash your face daily twice or more a day with warm water and mild soap.
Do not scrub the skin as this may push the bacteria /infection further down
Avoiding popping of pimples
Refrain from touching your face.
Wash hands before applying lotions, creams, or makeup
If the acne is back to wear loose clothes.
avoid greasy hair products
avoid exposure to the sun as it produces more sebum when exposed to the sun.
TOP HOMEOPATHIC MEDICINES FOR ACNE:
It is the best remedy for pigmented acne scars. pimples dry, rough, scaly. eruptions on scalp extending to face and neck.
Acne at puberty, urticaria after rich food, with diarrhea, from delayed menses.
Scars suddenly become painful.pus filled and offensive. expulsion of foreign bodies from tissues. every little injury suppurates. eruptions itch during daytime and night.
Papular eruptions on the face. Barber’s itch. Acne. boils on the neck. obstinate skin eruptions.
Pustular eruptions, leaving bluish-red marks/scars.
Unhealthy skin, readily ulcerating, flaccid. the small wound doesn’t heal readily. nettle rash better in the open air. petechial eruptions.
Yellow, goose -flesh. Slough, proud flesh and raised edges.
Papules were prone to suppurate and extend. acne in youth. suppurates with pricking pain. Easily bleeds. unhealthy skin, skin every injury suppurates. Ulcers with bloody suppuration, smelling like old cheese. very sensitive to touch. sticking or pricking in the afflicted part. putrid ulcers surrounded with little pimples