Female cystoscopy and Male cystoscopy
The following tests and examinations do indeed play a key role in finding a cause for blood in one’s urine:
Physical exam, which does include a discussion of one’s medical history.
Even if one’s bleeding was discovered through urine testing (urinalysis), one is likely to have another test to see if one’s urine still contains red blood cells. A urinalysis can also check for a urinary tract infection or even the presence of minerals that does cause kidney stones.
Often, an imaging test is rather required to find the cause of hematuria. One’s doctor might recommend a CT or MRI scan or an ultrasound exam.
One’s doctor threads a narrow tube which is fitted with a tiny camera into one’s bladder in order to examine the bladder as well as the urethra for signs of disease.
Sometimes, the cause of urinary bleeding cannot be found. In that case, one’s doctor might recommend regular follow-up tests, especially one has risk factors for bladder cancer, such as smoking, exposure to environmental toxins or a history of radiation therapy.
Treatment of Hematuria
Depending on the condition thus causing hematuria, treatment might also involve taking antibiotics to clear a urinary tract infection, trying a prescription medication to shrink an enlarged prostate or even having shock wave therapy to break up bladder or kidney stones. In some cases, no treatment is required.
One needs to go in for a follow up with one’s doctor after the treatment to ensure that there is no more blood in one’s urine.
What Is Hematuria (Blood in Urine)?
Blood in the urine is referred to medically as hematuria. Doctors do often further differentiate hematuria into gross hematuria (blood that can be seen in one’s urine with the naked eye; often the urine is red in color) or microscopic hematuria (blood cells identified on microscopic examination of the urine). Blood in the urine can also occur due to many medical conditions as well as diseases. Blood in the urine may be linked up with painful urination, abdominal or pelvic pain, pus in the urine, or other symptoms, depending upon the cause. It is also possible to have blood in the urine that is not associated with pain or other symptoms as well.
What Causes Blood in Urine?
Blood in the urine can also be a sign of urinary tract infection (UTI). An infection can be present in one’s lower urinary tract (bladder and urethra) or even higher up in the urinary tract (kidneys or ureters).
Kidney or bladder stones may form inside one’s urinary tract and can also cause bleeding into one’s urine.
Diseases of the kidney can be indeed associated with blood in one’s urine.
Prostate gland enlargement:
Enlargement of the prostate can also compress the urethra and partially block the flow of urine. Hematuria may be a symptom of an enlarged prostate that is caused by benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH or benign prostate enlargement) or prostate cancer.
Kidney, as well as bladder cancers, may be associated with blood in the urine.
Trauma to the urinary tract can also cause bleeding into the urine.
Medications which include aspirin, heparin, and penicillin can also cause hematuria.
Although the reasons are poorly understood, strenuous exercise has been associated with blood in one’s urine.
Disorders that do affect the blood or the ability of the blood to clot can sometimes lead to hematuria. Sickle cell disease is an example of a blood disease that can also cause bleeding in one’s urine.
Blood in Urine Test
Urinalysis (UA) does imply an analysis of urine. This is a very commonly ordered test that is done in several clinical settings such as hospitals, clinics, emergency departments as well as outpatient laboratories.