Monsoon means one is prone to diseases, and one of them is no doubt dengue. Dengue fever is a very common ailment and one suffers from it during the monsoon period. It is, of course, a serious viral infection, which is transmitted through the bite of a mosquito known as Aedes aegypti.
Symptoms of Dengue:
• flu-like condition
• high-grade fever with chills which may last for around 2- 7 days
• an intense headache
• joint and muscle pain
• pain behind eyes
• loss of appetite
• external bleeding.
• life-threatening dengue hemorrhagic fever.
Treatment for Dengue
There is no specific treatment for dengue or any effective vaccine which can prevent dengue. One has to try to control it as well as prevent it.
Being a viral illness, neither anti-biotics nor steroids work.
• Early diagnosis of
• good medical management, such as painkillers, antipyretics, adequate fluid intake
• bed rest
Prevention of Dengue:
1. Source Reduction:
One needs to control the mosquito population and their breeding inside and outside one’s home. One needs to get rid of unnecessary water-filled containers placed inside the house and in one’s surrounding areas. Mosquitoes usually lay their eggs in containers such as pots, barrels, fountains, the tires, unused bottles, street drains, gutters and so forth. By getting rid of these habitats, mosquitoes have in fact fewer opportunities to lay the eggs.
The containers should be emptied as well as cleaned each week to eliminate mosquito eggs. These efforts will prove to be effective if adhered to on a regular basis. One must be conscious to keep the surroundings clean and tidy. The habit of changing the water in vases, removing the water from the flower or plant pot plates, and clearing any stagnant water in an air cooler.
2. Personal & Household Protection:
Protect oneself against mosquito bites, Aedes aegypti bite, during the daytime. So, it is better to wear long sleeved shirts and also long pants in order to cover one’s entire body which would enable to reduce mosquito bites outdoors. Make use of screens for doors as well as windows. One must keep the doors and windows closed. Air conditioners do reduce the risk of mosquitoes coming into the contact with household members. One can make use of mosquito net while sleeping in the afternoon as it prevents prevent being bitten by a mosquito.
It is obvious one must make a conscious effort to maintain good personal hygiene and also keep the surrounding areas impeccably clean.
3. Using of Mosquito Repellent:
Applying mosquito repellent to one’s exposed skin does indeed help to prevent mosquito bites.
4. Making use of Pesticides Spray:
One must use insecticide sprays in darkened areas, especially behind the curtains, under the bed, sofa etc.
5. Use Camphor:
Light the camphor and let the smoke of camphor stay for 15-20 minutes, as it does help to be able to kill the pests and is useful as a repellent.
6. Mosquito Pest Control:
One must make sure mosquito fogging is indeed carried out in and around one’s society.
7. Cover dustbin:
Always make sure one’s dustbin is covered when not in use.
8. No cosmetics:
Avoid making use of perfumes and aftershaves as it does attract mosquitoes.
9. Use proper clothes:
Make use of light-colored clothes as bright dark colors do tend to attract mosquitoes.
To avoid dengue fever one needs to take required precautions to prevent its onset. One must avoid unclean surroundings which can be breeding ground for mosquitoes.
Dengue fever can be life-threatening and therefore one must make sure one avoids suffering from it.